A sea breeze or onshore breeze is a gentle wind that develops over bodies of water near land due to differences in air pressure created by their different heat capacity. It is a common occurrence along coasts during the morning as solar radiation heats the land more quickly than the water. A land breeze or offshore breeze is the reverse effect, caused by land cooling more quickly than water in the evening. The sea breeze dissipates and the wind flows from the land towards the sea. Both are important factors in coastal regions' prevailing winds.
Offshore wind refers more generally to any wind over open water. Offshore wind farms take advantage of the higher wind speeds available over the sea, but are usually placed near coasts to reduce costs and to take advantage of daily flows of sea and land breezes. Nearshore wind farms are those closest to land, while others are further out to sea.
The sea has a greater heat capacity than land, so the surface of the sea warms up more slowly than the land's surface. As the temperature of the surface of the land rises, the land heats the air above it by conduction. The warm air is less dense and so it expands, decreasing the pressure over the land near the coast. The air above the sea has a relatively higher pressure, causing air near the coast to flow towards the lower pressure over land. The strength of the sea breeze is directly proportional to the temperature difference between the land and the sea. If a strong offshore wind is present, that is, a wind greater than 8 knots (15km/h) and opposing the direction of a possible sea breeze, the sea breeze is not likely to develop.
Since its foundation, wpd offshore wind has developed 7GW of capacity and has begun operations in fourteen European and Asia-Pacific (APAC) markets ... “We are excited to announce the acquisition of wpd’s world-class offshore wind business. “This investment builds upon GIP’s extensive experience investing in renewable assets and offshore wind projects.
Northland’s plan includes developing and operating a portfolio of large- scale offshore wind projects in Europe and Asia, further adding to its offshore wind portfolio, where it is already the fourth largest owner and operator generating capacity globally ... leader in offshore wind.
Post-closing, AchimBergeOlsen, current COO of wpd and responsible for its offshore wind business, will serve as CEO of the business acquired by GIP... wpd develops and operates onshore and offshore wind farms and solar parks and is actively engaged in 30 countries in Europe, Asia, Chile and the US with the head office in Bremen.
With the establishment of its presence in Vietnam, Equinor will cooperate with its local partner, PetroVietnam, to implement offshore wind projects in Vietnam, improve local competence and capacity, build a local supply chain for the offshore wind industry, generate power at reasonable costs and gradually make renewable energy affordable for all.
ABS is pleased to be able to add this project to the list of advanced new vessel developments our global team is supporting and that it will make another important contribution to the future of the offshore wind industry,” said GregLennon, ABS Vice President, Head of GlobalOffshoreWind.
The flagship direct-drive turbine, which is the company’s full proprietary intellectual property, features a nameplate capacity of 11 MW – the largest of its kind in Asia – marking a major breakthrough for China’s homegrown innovation in offshore wind technology.
With more than 3,200 km of coastline and high, consistent wind speeds, Vietnam has some of the best conditions for developing offshore wind in Asia...Offshore wind giant Ørsted has also partnered up with Vietnamese cross-industry company T&T Group, bringing together a multi-GW ...
Danish offshore wind farm developer ... Ørsted announced it has successfully delivered first power from the Greater Changhua 1 & 2a offshore wind farm, Taiwan’s largest offshore wind project and the company’s first large-scale project in the Asia-Pacific region.
... and installation of the export cables for a large offshore wind farm development ... Boskalis’ successful track record in offshore wind energy is founded in Europe and has expanded to Asia and the US.
In 2021, the total imports and exports via maritime transport were up by 22.4 percent from a year ago, and the country exported offshore wind turbines for the first time ...Last year, China connected 16.9 GW of offshore wind capacity to the state grid, 4.5 times of that from a year ago.